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Reḍāʼī, O.

O. Reḍāʼī. Dījītāl kardan-e āršīv-hā va ḍarūrat-e tavajjoh be form dar ṭūmār-hā-ye čand sanadī. Nemūne-ye mowred-e moṭāleʻe: ṭūmārī az Šīrāz-e dowre-ye Afšār

Compte-rendu réalisé par Zahir Bhalloo
Référence(s) :

O. Reḍāʼī. « Dījītāl kardan-e āršīv-hā va ḍarūrat-e tavajjoh be form dar ṭūmār-hā-ye čand sanadī. Nemūne-ye mowred-e moṭāleʻe: ṭūmārī az Šīrāz-e dowre-ye Afšār ». Asnād-e Bahārestān, 2/5, 1391/2012, p. 391-407.

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1The article contains an edition (p. 395-401) and a facsimile (p. 402-407) of an Afšārid era legal document dated 1158-1159 A.H./1745-1746 A.D. The author’s main concern is to promote better digitization of šarīʻa court documents in Iranian archives (p. 391-394). Using the Afšārid document, he reconstructs the correct chronology of events recorded in its ‘spiral texts’ from the incorrect sequence of digitized images. It is worth noting that we have here an exceedingly rare example of a document that sheds light on šarīʻa court practice in Iran before the 19th-century Qājār period.

2The document was prepared at the šarīʻa court of Šayḫ (Š.) Moḥammad b. Š. Aḥmad al-Tammāmī. It is composed of five pieces of oriental paper of varying dimensions (14x12, 24.5x13.5, 14x14, 24x14 and 22x14.5 cm). The scribe has glued one edge of each paper to the next so that the document could roll up as a scroll (ṭūmār). There are some signs of recent folding and tearing; tape is stuck to the middle of the verso of the first, second and third papers to keep the document together. To circumvent forgery, the document has one or more seals affixed on the edge where one paper joins the next. Since only half a seal is visible on the fifth paper, it is likely that a sixth paper, part of the original document, is now missing. The five surviving papers record around six months of court proceedings relating to the estate of a certain deceased Raʼīs ʻAlī Akbar of Šīrāz that took place before Š. Moḥammad, from Šaʻbān 1158-Ṣafar 1159 A.H./September 1745-March 1746 A.D.

3The document is part of a collection of over a thousand, mainly Qājār era, legal, administrative and commercial documents purchased by Mīrzā Moḥammad Kāẓemeynī and donated in 1384š./2005-2006 to the shrine of Emām-zāde Jaʻfar in Yazd. Most of the documents in the Kāẓemeynī collection have been catalogued (see for example: Seyyed Jaʻfar Ḥoseynī Eškevarī 1383š./2004; Seyyed Ṣādeq Ḥoseynī Eškevarī 1385š./2006, 1387š./2008; and Reḍāʼī 1387š./2008). Unlike the much smaller uncatalogued Bādkūbe-ī collection presently held at the Sāzmān-e Owqāf in Tehran, however, the Kāẓemeynī collection contains only a small number of legal documents sealed by members of the émigré Arab origin Tammāmī family from the Eastern Arabian oasis towns of al-Qaṭīf and al-Aḥsāʼ. The earliest of these documents, presented in this article, suggests the family was already prominent in the judicial affairs of Šīrāz in the 18th century.

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Référence électronique

Zahir Bhalloo. Reḍāʼī, O., « O. Reḍāʼī. Dījītāl kardan-e āršīv-hā va ḍarūrat-e tavajjoh be form dar ṭūmār-hā-ye čand sanadī. Nemūne-ye mowred-e moṭāleʻe: ṭūmārī az Šīrāz-e dowre-ye Afšār », Abstracta Iranica [En ligne], Volume 34-35-36 | 2016, document 3, mis en ligne le 30 décembre 2016, consulté le 26 septembre 2017. URL : http://abstractairanica.revues.org/41843

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