Peter Edwell. Between Rome and Persia. The Middle Euphrates, Mesopotamia and Palmyra Under Roman Control
Peter Edwell. Between Rome and Persia. The Middle Euphrates, Mesopotamia and Palmyra Under Roman Control. London & New York, 2008, 320 p., ill. (Routlege Monograhps in Classical Studies).
1Peter Edwell outlines the history of the Middle Euphrates in the context of the dualism, which seems to emerge from the evidence to date, between Rome and the eastern empires, Parthian and Sasanian. This dualism, often simplified as a conflict, is gradually becoming clear thanks to modern studies of history. Using different sources (literary, epigraphic and archaeological), the author lays special emphasis on the regional importance of the Euphrates River for Palmyrene and Mesopotamia.
2Given that Europos Dura and Palmyra are considered to be the leading sites in the region, the author focuses on the historical records and archaeological data that help us place them in the broader context of a regional study, in particular during the centuries AD. This leads him to raise questions about Rome’s political and military presence in the region. The book has five chapters. The first chapter, “Rome on the Euphrates and in Mesopotamia, c. 65 BC-c. 200 AD”, describes the Euphrates as a boundary between Rome and Parthian interests; and the second, “Palmyra and Rome from the mid-first century BC to the third century AD”, focuses on Palmyra’s role. In the third, “Roman military organization of the middle Euphrates in the third century AD”, the author locates fortifications along the Euphrates known from epigraphic sources, and points to their importance (not just for defensive purposes) in the landscape. The fourth chapter, “Dura Europos on the middle Euphrates in the Parthian and Roman periods”, reviews the history of Europos Dura in the context of Seleucid, Parthian and Roman control of the city, and reconsiders the office of Dux Ripae and the purpose of Rome’s military presence. The conflict between Rome and the Sasanian Empire is the core of the fifth chapter, “Conflict between Rome and Sasanian Persia involving the middle Euphrates, Mesopotamia and Palmyra, AD 224-258”.
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Vito Messina. Edwell, Peter, « Peter Edwell. Between Rome and Persia. The Middle Euphrates, Mesopotamia and Palmyra Under Roman Control », Abstracta Iranica [En ligne], Volume 32-33 | 2013, document 151, mis en ligne le 01 juillet 2016, consulté le 29 mars 2017. URL : http://abstractairanica.revues.org/40486Haut de page
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