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Aynī, Sadriddin

Sadriddin Aynī. Ta’rikhi inqilobi fikrī dar Bukhoro

Compte-rendu réalisé par Evelin Grassi
Référence(s) :

Sadriddin Aynī. « Ta’rikhi inqilobi fikrī dar Bukhoro », in : K. Aynī, A. Qurbonov and B. Rahmatov, eds., Ensiklopediyai nasri tojiku fors [Encyclopaedia of Tajik-Farsi Prose], no. of volume not indicated, Dushanbe, Sarredaksiyai ilmii Ensiklopediyai millii tojik, 2010, p. 190-308. [History of the Bukhara Intellectual Revolution]

Texte intégral

1This work by Sadriddin Aynī (1878-1954), a man of letters, historian and scholar, deals with the history of the Bukhara Emirate during the period when the first Jadid reforms were spreading in Turkestan. Beginning with the opening of the first “new-method” school in 1908, Aynī describes Bukharan historical events until the dawn of the Russian Revolution in 1917. The “Introduction” by the editor, Kamol Aynī (1928-2010), Sadriddin’s son, points out that the original manuscript, dated 1918 and written in Tajik Persian, was submitted to a Bukharan publishing house (p. 196). When Yūldosh Pūlod, an old friend of Aynī’s who was a commissioner of the Bukhara People’s Republic, informed him that, given the Republic’s pan-Turkic cultural policy, Bukhara publishing houses would accept manuscripts in Uzbek only, Aynī translated it into that language. Probably because of the negative attitude of some leading Bukharan personalities toward Aynī’s ideas, the work was not published however, not even in Uzbek (p. 196-197).

2The Tajik-Persian original was lost, while the Uzbek version would later come out in an abridged version under the title of Bukhoro Inqilobi ta’rikhi uchun materiallar [Materials for a history of the Bukhara Revolution] in Moscow (Izdatel’stvo narodov, 1926). In the 1980s, the Tajik writer and scholar Rahim Hoshim retranslated the text from Uzbek into Tajik Persian as Ta’rikhi inqilobi Bukhoro [History of the Bukhara Revolution] and published it in Dushanbe (Adib, 1987). The manuscript of the original work in Tajik Persian was rediscovered in the late 1990s, approximately eighty years after it had been written. In 2005, it appeared as the 14th volume of the author’s Kulliyot [Collected works] (ed. Kamol Aynī and Muhammadjon Umarov, Dushanbe, Matbuot). The work was also published in Iran under the title Tā’rīkh-e enqelāb-e fekrī-ye Bukhārā in an edition by Kamāl ‘Aynī (Tehran, Surūsh, 1381sh./2002-3).

3Respecting his father’s wishes, Kamol Aynī defended the idea that the Ta’rikhi inqilobi fikrī dar Bukhoro is to be the fifth book of Yoddoshtho [Reminiscences] (p. 199). The first four books, published between 1949 and 1954, covered the period 1882-1903: Aynī’s childhood and youth in Bukhara (See my review in St. Ir. 40/1, 2011).

4In addition to the work by Sadriddin Aynī, the volume of the Ensiklopediyai nasri tojiku fors under consideration herein includes two works by Ahmad Donish of Bukhara (1826/7-1897): Navodir-ul-vaqoe’ (Porchaho) [Selections from “Rare Events”] (p. 35-114), and Risola yo mukhrasare az ta’rikhi saltanati khonadoni Manghitiya [Treatise being a summary of the history of the rule of the Manghit Dynasty] (p. 116-188).

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Référence électronique

Evelin Grassi. Aynī, Sadriddin, « Sadriddin Aynī. Ta’rikhi inqilobi fikrī dar Bukhoro », Abstracta Iranica [En ligne], Volume 32-33 | 2013, document 213, mis en ligne le 01 juillet 2016, consulté le 27 mars 2017. URL : http://abstractairanica.revues.org/40142

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